The IAS is the administrative arm of the All India Government of India.
It is one of three arms of the All India Services, the other two being the IPS (Indian Police Service) and the IFS (Indian Forest Services) along with the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service. The full form of the IAS is Indian Administrative Services
It goes without saying that being part of the IAS is quite a prestige, for many in India.
So, it is prudent to know certain facts about the Indian Administrative Services which are highlighted in this article.
Brief History of the IAS
The origins of the Indian Administrative Services can be found in the rule of the East India Company. It was known as the Honourable East India Company’s Civil Services (HEICCS) and was divided into three:
- Covenanted – Which consisted of civil servants applying for senior posts
- Uncovenanted – To facilitate the entry of Indians in the lower segment of the administration
- Special Services – Comprising specialised departments, such as the Indian Forest Service, the Imperial Police and the Indian Political Service.
When the Government of India Act of 1919 was passed, the ICS was divided into two: The All India Services and Central Services. Following the partition of India , the Indian Civil Services was renamed the Indian Administration Services. It was created under Article 312 (2) of the indian Constitution as per the All India Services Act, 1951
Must-know facts about the Indian Administrative Services
- The IAS is part of the permanent bureaucracy of the nation as is the case with all countries that follow the parliamentary system of government.
- When an IAS Officer attains higher scales of the pay matrix, they are put in charge of government departments or ministries. Some IAS officers represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations.
- All IAS officers, no matter the mode of entry, are appointed by the President of India.
- Out of 1 million applicants, only 180 candidates are chosen for the Civil Services. With a success rate of 0.01 % the members of the services have earned the moniker of “heaven born”.
- A successful IAS candidate is not eligible to retake the Civil Services exam, unlike other allied services.
- The performance of IAS officers is assessed through a performance appraisal report. The reports are used to judge the suitability of officers for promotion to higher postings.
- Article 312 of the Constitution empowers Parliament to create the All India Services (AIS) on the fulfilment of certain conditions.
- Sardar Vallbhai Paterl addressed the first batch of civil servants on April 21, 1947. This batch of officers would go on to serve in Independent India. The address was at Metcalf House and April 21 is celebrated as Civil Service Day every year by the Government of India.Visit here : 4 movierulz
Now that you have a general understanding of what the Indian Administrative Services is all about, you can start your preparation in earnest. Solving previous years’ IAS Questions in the given link will be a good place to start.